The Anti-Communitarian League (ACL)
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Talmudic Law

by Niki Raapana, revised 1/23/07

Why the ACL includes Talmudic Law in its research:

1. communitarian law has roots in ancient Eqyptian Judaic communities (called communitarian-ra).
2. our government has embraced the religious politics of Militant Zionism.
3. President Bush and three members of the United States Supreme Court support balancing the Constitution of the United States against "Judaic Law."
4. Communitarian legal theory is based in part in the Kabbalah.

Talmudic Law forms the foundation for Communitarianism.

Dr. Amitai Etzioni is the founder of the Communitarian Network.

"Lacking a high school diploma, Etzioni had difficulty finding a university that would admit him after the war. Luckily, Martin Buber was looking for students to attend his new institute. In addition to studying Kabbalah with Gershon Scholem, Etzioni worked with Buber himself, and was profoundly influenced by the philosopher's notion of "dialogue" ("a give-and-take during which people open up and reach each other profoundly"), as well as his famous distinction between "I-Thou" relationships (treating others as fellow human beings) and "I-It" relationships (treating others as objects). Later, while studying sociology at Hebrew University, Etzioni discovered the concept of "anomie," the condition of spiritual aimlessness that Durkheim argued was the result of modernity's loss of social fabric. The essential concepts of communitarianism were in place." (The Everything Expert: A Review of Amitai Etzioni's My Brother's Keeper by Robert Boynton in The Nation, July 14, 2003.) {Boynton tells us "his adopted name was created by fusing the Hebrew words "truth" (emet), "tree" (etz) and "Israel" (Zion)-". The Kaballah is a "truth tree." Buber's dialogues were based in the Hegelian dialectic. Buber's theory was also the foundation for Nazi funded research that substantiates modern anthropology.}

What is the Talmud?

Torah 101 explains: "In addition to the written scriptures we have an "Oral Torah", a tradition explaining what the Five Books of Moses mean and how to interpret them and apply the Laws. Orthodox Jews believe God taught the Oral Torah to Moses, and he taught it to others, and others taught it to others down to the present day. This tradition was maintained in oral form only until about the 2d century C.E., when much of the oral law was compiled and written down in a document called the Mishnah. "Over the next few centuries, authoritative commentaries elaborating on the Mishnah and recording the rest of the oral law were written down in Israel and Babylon. These additional commentaries are known as the Tosefta, Mekhileta, Sifra, Sifre, Jerusalem Talmud, and Babylonian Talmud. The last was completed at about 500 C.E. "The two largest works are the Jerusalem Talmud and the Babylonian Talmud. The Babylonian one is more comprehensive, and is the one most people mean when they refer to The Talmud. The Mishnah is divided into six sections called sedarim (in English, orders). Each seder contains one or more divisions called masekhtot (in English, tractates). There are 63 masekhtot in the Mishnah. Most, though not all, of these masekhtot have been addressed in the Talmud. Although these divisions seem to indicate subject matter, it is important to note that the Mishnah and the Talmud tend to engage in quite a bit of free-association, thus widely diverse subjects may be discussed in a seder or masekhtah..."

Which Law?...What Law? By W. B. Howard...Editor of Despatch

Example of how the Torah-Talmud can be interpreted:

"A clear halacha (religious rule) stated in the Mishneh Torah of the Rambam (Jewish sage Maimonides) explicitly forbids gentiles, like Jews, from celebrating any religious holidays not found in Torah or rabbinical tradition. The rule further requires all Jews to be involved in teaching gentiles this rule, which applies to such Christian holidays as Christmas, Easter, and Halloween.

"The Lubavitcher Rebbe has publicly taught this and related halachic rules, and has made it clear that, since there are no opinions in Torah to contradict them, such rules apply to us today. The Rebbe has further instructed Jews that whenever we see a project or campaign that must be done, or any action that is needed, we must not ask permission from any authority - be it a Chabad representative, a beis din (Jewish court), a Rav (rabbinical judge), or whomever - but rather we must take immediate action on our own initiative (see, for example, the Rebbe's Yiddish-language speech published in Likkutei Sichos, vol. 2, Parshas Pinchas, pp. 342-344; also sichos of motzoei Shabbos Chayei Sarah, 24 MarCheshvan 5738, and 10 Shvat, 5738).

"In accordance with these guidelines, members of JAHG-USA wrote a flier promoting our campaign to abolish Christmas celebration; it was aimed at recruiting Jewish support and featured key quotations from Maimonides, the Rebbe, and other sources. In November 2001, two volunteers posted this flier in a major Chabad synagogue in Los Angeles; when some members of the congregation repeatedly tore down the fliers with the holy Torah quotations, the volunteers instead distributed the fliers throughout the neighborhood to Jewish homes." quote from

What is Jewish Law?

Judaic Law in an Internet World 66th IFLA Council and General Conference, Jerusalem, Israel, 13-18 August 2000, by Robin Treistman Technical Editor, Knesset Website, Knesset Library, Hakirya, Jerusalem, Israel, E-mail:

The Israel Matz Institute for Research in Jewish Law, Faculty of Law Hebrew University of Jerusalem Mount Scopus, Jerusalem, Israel

Jewish Law,, Lawyers Window to the Web. Many great links posted here, including Babylonian Talmud Codes of Law.

REGULATIONS CONCERNING THE PUBLIC AND THE INDIVIDUAL IN THE TALMUD (In Hebrew), by Shalom Albeck in Jewish Political Studies Review Abstracts,Volume 10, Numbers 3-4 (Fall 5759/1998).

Jewish Law, Examining Halacha, Jewish Issues and Secular Law, Founder & Publisher: Ira Kasdan, Editor: Daniel Pollack

What is The Judaic Law Institute?

"What does the Talmud have to say about legal and moral controversies in modern America?" Noson Gurary, a Lubavitch rabbi who came up with the idea and won backing from some top Jewish legal experts, explains:

"Before you know where you're going, you have to know where you came from. And Jewish law is the basis of our legal
system in America."

The National Institute for Judaic Law was announced as a way to promote the applications of its teachings into U.S. courtrooms, reported By Janine Zacharia in The Jerusalem Post, Nov. 9, 2002:

"The launch of the Washington-based National Institute for Judaic Law was marked Tuesday night with a kosher dinner at the Supreme Court attended by 200 people, including three Supreme Court Justices - Ruth Bader Ginsberg, Stephen Breyer, and Antonin Scalia.

US President George W. Bush sent greetings and applauded the institute for promoting an "understanding of Judaism's rich tradition of legal thought."

"As we face new challenges and welcome new opportunities, our society must continue to promote good character and strong values. Through the study and teaching of Jewish law and philosophy you are contributing to a growing culture of service, citizenship, and responsibility in America," Bush wrote."

How does Talmudic Law affect the USA?

The First Ten Amendments to the U.S. Constitution are called the U.S. Bill of Rights. The law expressly forbids the establishment of a state church. This is the only legal rule of law in the United States. The original Bill of Rights is a ONE PAGE document. Any literate second-grader can read it. The Jewish-Egyptian Talmud is enormous, it includes mysticism and unwritten, hidden texts, and much of the discourse about it is only written in Hebrew and practiced in Eqyptian secret ceremonies that worship the Light Being.

Noson Gurary, a Lubavitch rabbi insists "Jewish law is the basis of our legal system in America," but that's not entirely true. Property Rights, Common Law, Natural Law, and the need to protect individuals from tyrants is the basis for the legal system in America. American law was designed to protect the people from their government. Jewish law is not American law, it's Israeli law. It's also a vast, ancient library that claims the Jews are God's "chosen people." It has another set of laws for non-Jews who must obey a complex set of confusing rules and regulations that give control over all daily life functions to an agent of the Jewish "court." Much like the religious "law" practiced by priests in the Holy Roman Empire and the Protestant Churches in Europe, Jewish law does not protect the rights and liberties of the common born man (as does U.S. law), it protects the rights of their elites to confiscate all private land and direct the lives of the people placed under their "care."

U.S. law is also based partially in American colonial understanding of the Old Testament and the amendment to that law, known as the New Testament. Jewish law was modified and changed by the Son of God Himself, known to world as Jesus Christ. Jewish law is not anywhere near the same as the principles for Christian Biblical law. Jesus spent a lot of time arguing against Jewish law. Christ challenged the authority of the Jewish rabbis and taught His followers a more peaceful path to Heaven. Old Testament Jews (and the early Catholic Church) regularly slaughtered their enemies (as directed by the vengeful God of the Old Testament) and brutally enforced their religious rules and laws against their common membership. Jesus was brutally tortured and crucified for breaking Jewish Law. (There is much Christian scholarship regarding Christ's discourse with the Pharisees. Bobby Garner's recent studies have uncovered many interesting aspects to these great "debates.")

The American founders (many of whom were devoutly religious freemasons) believed in a Universal Creator. The Creator of all life was called "God" by almost all of the American founders. They established every common man's inalienable right to pursue a happy life comes directly from God the moment man is born. Many founders further believed that only a nation based in Christian principles and the Ten Commandments could survive as a form of government designed to protect God-given, natural rights.

For two hundred years testimony in American courtrooms was sworn to be true with one hand over the heart and the other hand on a copy of the Christian Bible. "Do you swear to tell the truth, the whole truth, and nothing but the truth, so help you God?" Was the question asked by every American court. That's because almost all Americans are raised to understand (and obey) the Ten Commandments. Only a handful of Americans have any idea what the Talmud is. There are also only a handful of Jews who know all the laws included in the Talmud.

Let's repeat the above Bush quote again. "As we face new challenges and welcome new opportunities, our society must continue to promote good character and strong values. Through the study and teaching of Jewish law and philosophy you are contributing to a growing culture of service, citizenship, and responsibility in America," Bush wrote." This quote by Bush explains the "new" communitarian ideology of Americans' need for assigned, mandatory community service, the new requirements for American citizenship based only in communitarian values, and the new responsibility all Americans have to the emerging communitarian collective government. U.S. rule of law is rapidly changing on many different fronts.

Schools across our nation can no longer celebrate Christian holidays ("Merry Christmas" is considered politically incorrect.) All American children, including the Christians, are forced to worship the pagan Earth Goddess (Earth Day) in public schools. The U.N. International Court at the Hague is also home to the Temple of Understanding. Etzioni's new communitarian idea of "community spirit" is based in the Talmud, Hegel, and the theosophical ideas expressed by Madame Blavatsky and Alister Crowley. They, along with many other gurus, introduced Americans to the worship of Lucifer as the ultimate "light being." One Thousand Points of Light is a whole program based on Satanic "community oriented" principles. While I don't approve or condone these wacko belief systems, it was never a concern of mine if others practiced them, as long as they didn;t harm anyone as part of their creepy rituals. But in a communitarianized Amerika, we'll all be required to bow before a court enforcing Talmudic, communitarian laws.

In a recent CNN poll, over 80% of American respondents voted to keep the words "One nation under God" in the Pledge of Alliegance, and the words "In God We Trust" on Federal Reserve Notes. Yet, for some reason American justices of the peace can no longer hang the Ten Commandments in their halls of justice.

We find all this Talmudic Law "balancing" very amazing considering what's happened to Judge Moore who refused to follow a court ruling that decided he must remove a monument of the Ten Commandments in the Alabama state Supreme courthouse. In our layman's opinion, we think the Torah and the Biblical Old Testament are what most Christians understand to be Judaic law. Others tell us Judaism is not a religion, it is law religionized. The Talmud is the controversy, even though Judaic-Talmudic law includes several books that include the Old Testament-Torah. Not only was the Old Testament "word of God" modified and edited by scholars throughout the centuries, portions of the Talmud were never written down, they contained secrets passed orally only to elite initiates (much like Freemasonry). As with the Christians and the many very different denominations that represent it, the Torah-Talmud is also an area of contention among the varieties of Jewish people. The key factor to Talmudic law is that it is not fixed law, it is constantly challenged and rewritten, according to case law precepts. And, unlike the Christian arguments, anyone who objects to the overall authority of Talmudic law, or even portions of it, is labeled anti-Semitic (even the Jews). Many American Jews do not even identify with Judaism. It's also important to know most Jews did not orignially support Zionism. Today, opposition to political Zionism and/or the religious Talmudic laws are condemmed as a racist attitiude toward Jewish people and are subject to criminal prosecution in a growing number of countries.

Why is the international community adopting it as part of their emerging global to local law enforcement? The affects of imposing a law nobody understands are staggering.

US v. Talmud Law.

The Seven Universal Laws also referred to as the Noahide Laws (for Gentiles).

United States Congressional support: H.J.Res.104.

Now that there's a Sanhedrin, who needs the Supreme Court? By Nadav Shragai, Haaretz Israel News, Last Update: 03/11/2005.

Bill Pr95 1997- An Act respecting Institute for Advanced Judaic Studies Legislative Assembly of Ontario.

Education Day USA by Lubomyr Prytulak.

Rabbi Adin Even-Israel Steinsaltz Elected to Head Sanhedrin 14:51 Jun 23, '05 / 16 Sivan 5765, By Ezra HaLevi, Israeli National News. "Also present at the meeting on Monday, though not seated in the 71-seat semi-circular row of chairs, was famed archaeologist Dr. Vendyl Jones. He is working with the Sanhedrin to establish a system of courts for non-Jews adhering to the Seven Laws of Noah, which the Torah obligates all of humanity to follow. One of those laws is to establish courts of justice. A high court has been established by the Sanhedrin for such purposes, and a subsidiary of that court will soon be established in the United States as well." [emphasis added]

(Solomons Temple. Original picture published by Jerry Goldin at, since removed from the web.)

Liberty Councel-Defend the Ten Commandments

Protect My Children from the Ten Commandments by Lewis Vaughn, Free Inquiry magazine, Volume 19, Number 4.

Yu Torah online.

Chavez urges leaders to consider moving U.N. to Jerusalem UNITED NATIONS (AP) 9-16-2005 - "Venezuelan President Hugo Chavez denounced the U.S.-led war in Iraq on Thursday and told world leaders they should consider moving the U.N. headquarters out of the United States because of it."

"In other words, prayer rugs can be purchased with federal funds to accommodate suspected Muslim terrorists in Guantanamo Bay, and Jewish chapels can be built with federal monies, but Christian kids can't sing 'Silent Night' in the classroom. Got it everyone?" JEWISH CHAPEL BUILT WITH FEDERAL FUNDS: NO OUTCRY FROM ADL, ACLU or AU, Catholic League president William Donohue, September 15, 2005.

Is American Law Based on the Ten Commandments? by Chad S. Inman at The Secular Web.


Kentucky Pagans on the Ten Commandments

The Ten Commandments Go to Trial at American Vision


Forum at The Record, Independent Weekly Newspaper at Harvard Law School, posted 4/29/05:

"While we have had complete silence and acquiecence on the part of the ACLU concerning the establishment of the "Noahide Laws" as our official state religion, we hear them talk loudly against the posting of the Ten Commandments in a courthouse as a part of a display about the foundation of our legal system. According to the ACLU, the displaying of the Ten Commandments in a public courthouse, even in the context of their being among many documents that represent the development of the legal system of our Federal Goverhment, makes the statement that a specific religion is seen as a part of the foundation of our western civilization. Because of this, the display is promoting this religion, which is a violation of our First Amendment, and so is unacceptable."

This following statement was found on the ACLU website:

"The Ten Commandments advocate believing in God, observing the Sabbath and not worshipping idols," Friedman added, noting that different faiths have different versions of the document. "Those are religious beliefs that should be left to each individual. Especially in a courthouse, people should not be made to feel like outsiders in their own community because they may not share the prevailing religious view."

..."I would like to know why the ACLU, our press, and our politicians have remained silent for fourteen years about the passage of Public Bill 102-14, and this obvious violation of our First Amendment guarantee of our right to worship God as we choose and the guarantee that our government will not establish a state religion, while at the same time the ACLU attacks legitimate public expressions and displays of religious-oriented material, such as the Ten Commandments in a courthouse, and Nativity scenes at Christmas. "

What does the ACLU stand for? Madeline Kochen named director of new public interest law programs, Stanford University News Service 09/08/94.

"Public interest law includes legal aid to the poor, government service, and work for nonprofit organizations like those concerned with civil rights, the environment, children or the elderly... As a Yeshiva undergraduate, she majored in Judaic Studies, won a Judaic Studies Award, and served as Jewish Law Editor of the student newspaper. She received her bachelor's degree in January 1978 magna cum laude./ Kochen speaks Hebrew fluently. Before law school she pursued in-depth study of Talmudic law in Israel, and later worked as a law student intern for a lawyer in Tel Aviv."

bio of Steven Keith Green.

March 2, 2005 -- Supreme Court weighs Commandments cases 76 percent of Americans support such displays, according to poll, MSNBC News, AP report.

Isn't it ironic that the Muslims, the sworn enemies of the Israeli's religious manifesto for conquering the entire Middle East, are today the primary targeted people in the American's War on Terror? Plus there's the plans for establishing a new "Middle Eastern Region" based on the European Union and the North American Union. The probablity of this being a coincidence is even more remarkable when we consider the fact that the Arab nations were America's best friends in the world, prior to the establishment of the state of Israel in 1948.

(We thoroughly examined Israeli political influence on the USA on our Militant Zionism page. We barely began our studies of Islam on our unfinished Middle East page.)

The Talmud as a dialectic, a Game Theory, and Freemasonry

etzioni AN OUTLINE OF THE HISTORY OF GAME THEORY, by Paul Walker, 1 April 1995. The Talmud is the first historical reference in the timeline for the Game Theory, going back to 0-500 AD. "In 1985, it was recognised that the Talmud anticipates the modern theory of cooperative games. Each solution corresponds to the nucleolus of an appropriately defined game."

The Talmud, by Tony Smith. "Rabbi Adin Steinsaltz has written a multivolume work, The Talmud: The Steinsaltz Edition (Random House), which includes a A Reference Guide, in which he says:

"... The ultimate purpose of the Talmud is ... to seek out truth. ... The Talmudic dialectic can be compared to an inquiry in pure science, particularly in the sphere ... of mathematics. ...".

R.W.Bro. LEON ZELDIS MASONIC QUALIFICATIONS Craft Masonry. Initiated in "América" Lodge N° 86, Santiago, Chile (1959). Moved to Israel in 1962. Founder of "La Fraternidad: Lodge N° 62 of Tel Aviv (1970), first Spanish-speaking lodge in Israel, working in the AASR. Elected to various offices in the Grand Lodge of the State of Israel, until receiving the title of Honorary Assistant Grand Master (1995).

How the American and International Jewish leaders deal with critisism of the Talmud/Zionism

The Awareness Center is The Jewish Coalition Against Sexual Abuse/Assault (JCASA), the Case of Rabbi Yona Metzger. Chief Rabbi of Israel Yona Metzger's Prayer for Jonathan Pollard Justice4JP Release September 28, 2004. All Chief Rabbis' Unprecedented Appeal for Pollard April 20, 2005. (Rabbi Metzger's letter to President Bush appealing for a convicted Israeli spy's release.)

ADL Director Abraham Foxman is reported by the JTA to claim on November 11, 2003 that anti-Semitism is today hidden "under the guise of Anti-Zionism."

Sharon Says Anti-Semitism Drives Israel's Critics Thu November 13, 2003, JERUSALEM (Reuters) -"Sharon's remarks followed a recent European Union poll that found that a majority of EU citizens see Israel as the greatest threat to world peace. The survey caused an uproar in Israel."

ADL Says Extremists Use The Talmud to Promote Anti-Semitism Anti Defamation League Press Release.

Canadian Jewish Congress files a complaint against a Ukrainian web-host under the Human Rights Act.

The 34th Zionist Conference calls for coordinating the fight against anti-Zionism. claims one of the 2002 Resolutions was to ciminalize anti-Zionism.

Bnai Brith calls anti-Zionism a form of anti-Semitism.

Controverisal Sites that talk about the Talmud

Come and Hear by Carol A. Valentine is a thorough examination of the Talmud. We found this on Jackie Patru's Sweet Liberty website.

THE TRUTH ABOUT THE TALMUD A Documented Exposé of Jewish racist Hate Literature by Michael A. Hoffman II and Alan R. Critchley, 1999, on Radio Islam. (This site no longer exists- 2-18-04. Update 3/2/05, this address is back up with a new format.)

What's Jewish About Justice? Remarks Presented by Rabbi David Rosenn,Executive Director of AVODAH: The Jewish Service Corps,At the 2000 Hillel B’nai B’rith Spitzer Forum on Public Policy.

Jewish Mysticism

About the Judaic Texts, Yale College Library Catalog lists 3 texts: The Talmud, The Torah (Tanakh), and The Zohar (Cabala). Yale has a link to Codes of Jewish Law.

Dictionary of Metaphysical Healthcare Unnaturalistic Methods: J-K © 1997 Jack Raso, M.S., R.D. defines "Jewish meditation (Jewish mysticism, the Kabbalistic System of Insight): Judaic "approach to personal growth" promoted by Chabad Lubavitch of Long Island, New York. The cabala (cabbala, cabbalah, kabala, kabbala, kabbalah, kabbalism, Qabalah, Qabbalah) is an eclectic and multiform mystical system of ancient Jewish origin analogous to yoga. It encompasses "angelology," demonology, meditation, and prayer. has definitions of kabbalah from several sources.

"Qabalah" is the spelling generally used to indicate the use of Kabbalah as an occult and practical magical system. In it's modern form it is the creation (or adaptation) of Eliphas Levi, and even more so S. L. "MacGregor" Mathers, the co-founder of The Hermetic Order of the Golden Dawn. This was a magickal organisation which incorporated Judaic Kabbalah, Egyptology, Rosicrucianism, ritual magic, astrology, tarot, and the Indian tattwa system (as interpreted through Theosophy).The Qabalistic Tree by Jan Swanson.

Madonna opens Hotel Kabbalah By David Sanderson and Luke David, Evening Standard, 9 June 2005. (Warnings about the Kaballah Center by Josh Simon. "What is Kabbalah? Simply, it is a way for individuals to connect with God by being like God. Imitation is much more than flattery-it is the ticket to immortality. Kabbalah posits that the spark that is the human soul can be elevated until it merges back into the endless, eternal light that we call God.")

For those unfamiliar with Christianity, several denominations are taught occult studies in mysticism and magic contain elements of evil. While many of our Founders were Christians, and U.S. "natural" rights were based in God's law, the U.S. Bill of Rights allowed for no established state religion. (The Faith-Based Initiative is another area where the reinvented government balanced this former barrier.) Christians are taught seeking information or visitations from spirits is like calling on the Devil, even though both Testaments are filled with prophecies and visions that must be believed to have come directly from God or His angels. Many old world Christian practices were intermixed with superstition and ritual, and today there are a growing number of Christians who tolerate and/or practice certain aspects of occultism. This is a major issue with all of the devout, and we plan to address the Competing Religions dialectics soon (and we will explore the Muslim perspective). For us the religious aspect is the most complex arena because it has so many variables. The Christian-Mormon faith was basically channelled, and many Christians today see no harm in believing in animal medicine, astrology, tarot, psychics, yoga, the channelled Saint Germain (I am) or the channelled Course in Miracles. Marrianne Williamson, Course in Miracles teacher and author of "Return to Love," was a regular guest on Ophra for years, (and until I realized she is a comunitarian I was basically one of her "followers.") The rise of "white witchcraft," feminism, paganism and ancient eastern religions in the formerly predominantly Christian United Sates continues to be a major influence on U.S. politics. Today, things have changed so much that all forms of mysticism are considered trendy and chic, and the Kabbalah is becoming popular with a "mysticism movement" led by American pop stars Madonna and Britney Spears. For a deep and unsettling critique of modern Christianity and the various denominations and their contribution to the Talmudic dialectic, read Jewish Persecution; Chapter 6 by Jackie Patru.

Florida Holocaust Museum's history wing explains the complexity and confusion over Jewish texts.

Judaism 101; Kabbalah and Jewish Mysticism, Level: Advanced. An online encylopedia of Judaism, by Tracy Rich. "The Talmud contains vague hints of a mystical school of thought that was taught only to the most advanced students and was not committed to writing. There are several references in ancient sources to ma'aseh bereishit (the work of creation) and ma'aseh merkavah (the work of the chariot [of Ezekiel's vision]), the two primary subjects of mystical thought at the time." Halakhah: Jewish Law; a separate course offering at this site.

Religious Studies 463: Jewish Mysticism, University of Calgary.

Mysticism during the Talmudic Era: Sources,University of Calgary.

The Judaica Bibliography, Prepared by: Mark A. Christian, Divinity Library, Vanderbilt University, January 2001

The Talmud by Caroline Myss,Ph.D. Dr. Myss presents a nice, short overview of the Talmud here.

Mystic Doctrines in Talmudic Times, Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia.

Jewish Classes offered by Chabad House- Jewish Student Center.

A glimpse of the discussions:TALMUD, JEWISH MYSTICISM, CONTEMPORARY HALACHIK ISSUES presented by Singapore Jewish Welfare Board.

Sites and articles on Laws, Judaism and Communitarianism:

Jewish Groups at the Time of Jesus, by Prof. Felix Just, S.J. - Loyola Marymount University.

RENEWING THE COVENANT: A THEOLOGY FOR THE POSTMODERN JEW. By EUGENE BOROWITZ. Jewish Publication Society. 319 pp. $24.95. EUGENE BOROWITZ, the leading theologian associated with the Reform movement of American Judaism, has written an important and ambitious book. Renewing the Covenant: A Theology for the Postmodern Jew is the culmination of Borowitz's long theological journey out of religious liberalism by way of existentialist personalism...

Jimmy Winoker, who gives Presentations on Property, Real Estate and Miscellaneous Related Topics Generally

Rights, Responsibilities and Communitarianism, by Kelly L Ross, Ph.D.

The Dead Sea Scrolls, with Rachel Kohn.
Bizarre updates:

Original ACL text: Shmais News Service-Keeping Lubavichers Informed has a lot of nice pictures... including pictures of President Bush waving to reporters on his way to his new Daf Yom Shiur (carrying his copy of the Talmud), and pictures of Menorah ceremonies in the White House and the California State Capitol with Govenor Arnold Schwarzenegger.

{Update by Niki Raapana on November 26, 2006: This picture of Bush with the Talmud and the website I found it on may be fakes. I found this on Robert Lindsay's blog:

begin quote: "The completely bizarre photo of George Bush carrying a hefty Balvi Talmud (one of the Jewish holy books) appeared originally on a website of the radical Jewish supremacist Lubavitcher faction. Although at first I thought the pic was authentic, further research shows that it may in fact be a Photoshopped fake. I apologize for anyone I mislead in the few days I reported the pic as authentic.

"Here is the Lubavitcher site on which the photo first appeared. Note that it says "Purim Spoof" next to the photo. Scroll about 1/2 way down the page to see the photo. Here is a thread, unfortunately on the White Supremacist site Stormfront, that indicates that the pic is apparently fake.

"The pic can also be found on this strange site of the Anti-Communitarian League that opposes the supposed introduction of Talmudic Law into America, which seems to be a bit of a red herring. It also shows up on the occasional blog of Jewish Talmudic scholars. There seems to widespread ignorance that the pic is actually a fake.

"The photo was originally found on the bizarre website (no longer online) of an anti-Semite named Texe Marr who runs something called Power of Prophesy Ministries. This website, while partly factual, insists that Bush is not only Jewish, but he is a practicing "crypto-Jew"!

"Although Marr has done some interesting research into the Jewish backgrounds of modern-day famous figures (he supposedly uncovered the Jewish backgrounds of John Kerry, Wes Clark and Madeline Albright) he should have done better research on this Bush-Talmud photo." end quote)


copyright © 2001-2004, Niki Raapana and Nordica Friedrich (The Anti-Communitarian League)